By Anthony McClean, Editor In Chief Emeritus NEW HAVEN (BASN) —...
A Moment in Time: July 4th
By Eric Graham
Updated: July 4, 2013
- 1776 The Declaration of Independence was formally adopted. A section denouncing the slave trade and the institution of slavery was deleted.
- 1779 The French fleet occupied and recaptured Grenada. The island, previously ceded to the British under the Treaty of Paris in 1763, was returned to them permanently under the Treaty of Versailles in 1783.
- 1827 Slavery was abolished in New York.
- 1875 White Democrats killed several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
- 1876 E.M. Bannister won the gold medal for his painting “Under the Oaks” at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- 1879 The Battle of Ulundi, the final battle of the Anglo-Zulu War, occurred.
- 1881 Booker T. Washington established the Tuskegee Institute.
- 1883 Lemington Elder Care Services, one of the first African-American elderly nursing homes in the United States and the oldest in existence, opened its doors.
- 1910 Jack Johnson, the first black heavyweight champion, successfully defended his heavyweight championship by knocking out “The Great White Hope,” Jim Jeffries, who had come out of retirement to reclaim his title for the white race.
- 1936 Despite Haile Selassie’s appeal to the League of Nations to protect Ethiopia, the League voted to end economic sanctions against Italy.
- 1959 The Cayman Islands, initially administered as a dependency of Jamaica, became an independent colony.
- 1963 Marian Anderson and Ralph Bunche were the first recipients of the Medals of Freedom from President John Kennedy, who originated of the award.
- 1970 Race riots began in Asbury Park, New Jersey.
- 1972 The NAACP adopted a resolution accusing President Richard Nixon of “leading the mob in its assault upon the Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause.”
- 1973 The Treaty of Chaguaramas, establishing the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM), was signed at Chaguaramas, Trinidad.
- 1979 Ahmed Ben Bella was released in Algeria after being held as a political prisoner for fourteen years.
- 1994 The capital city of Kigali fell to the forces of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).
- 2002 Benjamin Davis, Jr., the first African-American general in the U.S. Air Force, died.