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Significant Dates in the History of African American Journalists
- 1827 Freedom’s Journal, the nation’s first Black newspaper, is launched in New York City by the Reverend Samuel Cornish and John Russwurm.
- 1833 The New York Sun, the first successful Penny Press newspaper, ushers in mass media in the United States. The publi sher, Benjamin Day, is pro-slavery.
- 1847 Will Hodges, an African-American, and Thomas van Rensselaer publish The Ram’s Head after the New York Sun editors tell Hodges that the Sun does not shine for Black people.
- 1864 The New Orleans Tribune, printed in both English and French, becomes the first Black daily newspaper in the United States. Thomas Morris Chester becomes the first Black correspondent for a major daily newspaper when he is hired as a Civil War correspondent for the Philadelphia Press.
- 1889 Henry O.Flipper, the first Black to graduate from the US Military Academy at West Point, becomes the first Black editor of a white-owned newspaper, the Arizona Sunday Herald.
- 1890 The US Census records 310 Black journalists in the United States.
- 1892 Ida B.Wells flees Memphis after the office where she published Free Speech is destroyed because of her crusade against the lynching of Black men.
- 1900 Brooker T.Washington, the nation’s most prominent African American, society subsidizes several Black newspapers and promotes accomodation to Jim Crow.
- 1901 William Monroe Trotter, a Black Harvard graduate, begins publishing the Guardian, which challenges Washington’s accomodationist stance. He edits the paper until his death in 1934.
- 1902 Lester Walton is hired to cover general news and sports for the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, a mainstream daily, and, in 1906, The Star Sayings, which became the St.Louis Star
Information connected from Within the Veil: Black Journalists, White Media by Pamela Newkirk